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There are various issues raised in the game:-
Basic Needs
There are eight basic needs selected by the young people, which they feel everyone needs to survive :-
FOOD WATER CLOTHES WORK
HEALTH SHELTER LEISURE EDUCATION
Rights
The border of Rights in the Locococo game developed from a Lotto or Bingo 
game which the young people in Guatemala developed themselves. The young
Guatemalan participants selected these 16 rights from the UN Convention on 
Rights of a Child when carrying out a photographic assignment for this game. 

                                
                                © Young Photographers of Guatemala

 

" I suppose that the chief thing about being a child
is being in the power of grown ups. Everything comes 
from them - food, law, treats, and punishments.
They have the power to give and to withhold.
Some of them make up the rules as they go along 
to suit their convenience and the child, who would
like the chance to make up a few rules himself, knows it. "

(Stolen Childhood, Anuradha Vittachi, Polity Press, 1991)
                                
Your rights are about what you are allowed to do, and what the people
responsible for you have have to do for you to ensure that you are happy,
healthy and safe. Everyone has human rights, but children are more likely than
adults have their rights forgotten or ignored.

In 1989, an international agreement, the UN Convention on the Rights of 
the Child, was drawn up by the United Nations to protect the rights of Children.
The Convention was an important step forward, as this was the first time a list
of rights applicable to all children had been written down in one document.

The Convention states children have rights, which must be taken into account
whenever any decisions are being made about them, or any actions are taken
which affect them. These are presented as a number of statements, or articles;
54 in total. Many of these refer to the actions which adults and governments
should undertake to ensure that all young people under 18 years of age obtain
their rights. 

Only two countries have not signed the Convention, these are Somalia and the
United States of America.
Development Education Issues
The United Nations definition of development education describes it as 
seeking to:

Enable people to participate in the development of their community, their nation
and the world as a whole. Such participation implies a critical awareness of
local, national, and international situations based on an understanding of social,
economy, and political process.

Development education is a process that enables us to understand the links 
between our own lives and those of people throughout the world. It aims to
develop the skills, attitudes and values which enable people to work together 
to bring out change and take control of their own lives.

Global issues such as aid, trade, health and environment are all inter-related and
impact on people and places. Following is further information on two of the 
development issues that are highlighted in the game.
Fair Trade
Increases in technology have led to the expansion of international trade 
resulting in the world becoming one huge market in which the North and South
are ever more closely interrelated. In these global villages, the industrialised 
country in the North have a stronger market position than most countries of the
South. 

Yet for its industry and consumption the North is dependent on commodities
from the South. Basic commodities such as coffee, cotton, oil and manufactured
goods, such as electrical equipment are examples of goods produced in the 
South for use in the North. The rules of international trade favour rich countries
over poor countries.
                        
                        
                        © Phil Maxwell

Many in the South rely on selling basic goods such as tea and coffee for their 
livelihoods, yet prices fluctuates widely. Working conditions are often bad,
with low wages, poor health and safety and no job security. Few have access 
to the market themselves and have to accept the prices offered by middleman 
and landowners.

                         
                         © Phil Maxwell

Fair trade organisations have been established to 'elleviate poverty in the Third
World by encouraging industry and consumers to support fairer trade'. Products
that fulfil certain defined criteria and standards are awarded the Fairtrade Mark.

Fair trade means:

-Small scale farmers receive fair prices and advance payments when needed and
  work together to represent their interests.
-Workers receive a decent wage, a safe environment and the right to organise
  collectively.
-In addition, included in the Fair trade price is a premium to enable producers to
  further improve their position.

Therefore through Fair trade initiatives producers receive a fair price for their 
product allowing them access to decent education and healthcare, and more 
control over their lives
Debt
Debt id not a new problem for countries on individuals, nor is it solely feature of
poor countries.

Debt affects all of us.

                          

Jubilee 2000, an international movement with campaign in over 40 countries
states:

- Africa spends twice as much on debt repayments as on health care. Millions
  of lives could be saved if this money was put into education, health, clean
  water and sanitation.

- There is no international bankruptcy law. Money was lent to countries knowing
  that they couldn't go bankrupt. Despite having paid back two or three times
  what they have originally borrowed, countries still find that their debt is 
  growing. Loans were given to promote Western business interest abroad.

- Debt must be repaid in hard currency, which means dollars. As world prices of
  goods fall, demand for more dollars encourages activity such as illegal drug
  production and destruction of rainforests.

Cancellation of debt would give developing nations a chance to participate in 
the world economic markets, benefiting them and us.
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